Saturday, March 16, 2013

'Abd al-Ra'uf al-Fansuri al-Sinkili

‘Abd al-Ra’uf al-Fansuri al-Sinkili (b  1615 [1024 A.H.], Singkil, Aceh - d. 1693 [1105 A. H.], Kuala Aceh, Aceh) was a religious leader in Sumatra from c. 1620 to c. 1693.  He wrote directions for recitation (in Arabic, dhikr) as practiced by the Shattariyya (Shattariyah) order, into which he had been initiated in Arabia.  He also translated the Qur’an into Malay.  

'Abd al-Ra'uf was a North Sumatran scholar who played a major role in translating Islamic texts into Malay. Born in Singkel, North Sumatra, he studied in Arabia between 1641 and 1660 under scholars such as Ahmad al-Qushashi and Ibrahim al-Kurani. He returned to North Sumatra and taught under the patronage of the Acehnese court. His best-known work is an adaptive Malay rendering of al-Suyuti's Tafsir al-Jalalayn (The tafsir of the two Jalals). It is the earliest complete explication of the Qur'an in Malay, still widely used in local madrasas.

Alternative names include:

'Abd al-Ra'uf al-Fansuri al-Sinkili
Abdurrauf Singkil 
Al-Sinkili, 'Abd al-Ra'uf al-Fansuri
Singkil, Abdurrauf
Sinkili, al-
Sinkili, 'Abd al-Ra'uf al-Fansuri al-

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